In addition, we have been able to put $28 billion directly into an account that we reserve for the poorest countries. Keynote Speech at the Symposium on Sustainable Development Goals Mr. Thomas Gass Assistant Secretary-General for Policy Coordination and Inter-Agency Affairs 1 June 2017 , Shiga, Japan But the other thing that happens is their reference income goes up, and this is something that we actually study at the World Bank Group. I had been prepared for some unorthodoxies, but not this glaring squalor. Some will say that just about the jobs will be lost. Let’s move on from a DUD (dig, use and dump) model, which pollutes nature and wastes money. But this is the crisis that I am most concerned about, the human capital crisis. But starting in 1820, the world started changing very, very quickly. Now, part of the criticism here is that what Schweitzer was up to--and he talked about it with great clarity. Mr. Secretary General, fellow delegates, ladies and gentlemen. The Jordanian Government came to us and said, "We need to build the rebuild the airport and we'd like a loan. We have done study after study after study showing that investing in health and education is important, but those studies haven't led to the kind of response that we need. And we also were committed to boosting shared prosperity, reducing inequality. And so, there was a huge amount of literature of how rich countries and organizations like the World Bank, how they should think about their mission with respect to poor people. 11 What environmental issues are facing our planet and what are the solutions? And finally, the third pillar was to invest more and more effectively in people. He's the richest man in China. Sustainable Development Goals. a) Pollution – water, air and land b) Over-use of natural resources – overpopulation, deforestation, water shortage and overfishing c) Climate change and alternative energies But I said, in--I stopped them, and I said, "In 1963, when then-President of the World Bank, George David Woods, if he had visited Korea"--and it is plausible that he would visited Korea to see if they were eligible for loans, then--"if he had visited Korea and if he'd visited my preschool, I doubt that he would see--I doubt that he would have thought that one of his successors was sitting in that room.". Income inequality is on the rise—the richest 10 percent have up to 40 percent of global income whereas the poorest 10 percent earn only between 2 to 7 percent. But it is going to be your problem, because the thwarted ambitions of a young person in Africa and the Middle East is not going to be distant from you. compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. However, delivery of professional development needs to consider the philosophies and pedagogies of training recipients, and activities should be tailored to meet their needs. This site uses cookies to optimize functionality and give you the best possible experience. So, we're going to come up with a ranking. At the core of sustainable development is the fragile condition of balancing between protection as well as maintenance of the productivity. When I first walked into the World Bank, I saw this sign: "Our dream is a world free of poverty." And he wrote this: "There is a difference between knowledge of other peoples and other times that is a result of understanding, compassion, careful study, and analysis for their own sakes. In addition, sustainable development is currently identified as a primary policy goal of many more institutions in development than at any previous time (Elliott, 2006). With 189 member countries, staff from more than 170 countries, and offices in over 130 locations, the World Bank Group is a unique global partnership: five institutions working for sustainable solutions that reduce poverty and build shared prosperity in developing countries. And by 2030, 46--nearly half of all the people living in extreme poverty will live in fragile and conflict-affected states. Speech by Richard Monks on building trust in sustainable investments. And one of the things I recognized is that we had been extremely successful in arguing for more funding for HIV, more funding for TB, more funding for malaria, and even more funding for education. And the human capital is the dark part, right? And again, before 1800, remember, just about everybody was poor. There's another $10 trillion sitting in very low yielding government bonds. 2. We came to a conclusion:  We wanted to end extreme poverty, that is, people living under $1.90 a day, by 2030. Okay, we have more time afterwards. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for economic development while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. Sustainable Development Goals. And I'd first heard about this because there was a cardiologist from the hospital that I trained in in Boston who actually, in the 1950s, visited Albert Schweitzer. Dozen of years after the second millennium, people are witnessing a world with a high level of complexities, trans-boundary issues at a level of dysfunction that seem not to cease. It is gaining impetus as people get more informed on the current effects of climate change and the looming devastating effects of the same on future generations increasing the unpredictability of the future. All of Sub-Saharan Africa averages about 30-35 percent; India, 38 percent; Indonesia, 37 percent; Pakistan, 45 percent. But we don't take that money and just give it away. Children's speech to the World Leaders at the World Summit on Sustainable Development . And so, again, without our putting any money in, just helping them technically do it--we have a program called Scaling Solar. Hi! And on the other hand, knowledge--if that is what it is--that is part of an overall campaign of self-affirmation, belligerency, and even outright war.". You know, famines happen all the time, we're always late in responding. For example, a typical 5-year cycle is illustrated in Exhibit 10.1. We will look at different techniques for incorporating environmental justice considerations into community planning and how they fit within a sustainable development framework. Speech. The wards were rude huts, airless and dark, plank beds and wooden pillows, everyone infested with hens and dogs. 2. How do we play a role? Goal 10: Reduced inequalities. Right, very hard to get a loan that you pay back over 40 years at zero percent interest, and we do that to help countries grow. And that conference, which was not easy, led to the foundation of this organization. But it created a situation where many heads of state and ministers of finance have become a bit complacent and are waiting for the grants to come, and they're kind of saying, "Well, if you give us the money to do that, we will. Ans:. The term used by the Brundtland Commission defined it as development with sustainability that "meets the needs of the present and also compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs." Read more: 10 ways to make our cities liveable by 2030, The fight for sustainable development will be won or lost in our cities. Education, we also have huge problems. development. It all goes back to this: These kids want to have a chance to become whatever they want. Now, technology is going to do us a great service by getting everyone connected, but the other thing that technology is doing at the same time is it is going to eliminate some jobs. Two kids raised their hand and said, "I want to be President of the World Bank. Let me just tell you what one person says, this person who I got to know quite well, Jack Ma, who founded the great company, Alibaba, right? Two billion people in the world live in fragile and conflict-affected areas. There were places where they knew that a steady supply of food would be created. Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. I really do feel, especially with so much of the controversy that you see today, I think that there has to be a new way of interacting with each other as human beings. If you continue to navigate this website beyond this page, cookies will be placed on your browser. This is a change that fundamentally we need to see. And when I as an anthropology grad student read those historical accounts of my country of Korea, I just didn't recognize what they were writing about. The World Bank Group--at the time, it was just one part of the World Bank Group--was founded in 1944 out of the ashes of World War II. a) Pollution – water, air and land b) Over-use of natural resources – overpopulation, deforestation, water shortage and overfishing c) Climate change and alternative energies There was no running water but the rain, no gas, no sewage, no electricity, except, again, in character, for the operating theater and the gramophone. The first thing that I told you about: resilience. First of all, people are much more satisfied with their lives when they have Internet access. And when he came back, he wrote a little report saying that he was absolutely appalled at the conditions that he found in Albert Schweitzer's hospital. We have to spend our money on roads and electricity." Sustainable Development? No. And I don't know why I show you this, but it's just a cool picture, Guinean Stock Exchange. The Marshall Plan then took over in terms of building back Europe, and the World Bank had to find some other things to do. So, we made a decision. Well, over the past 70 years, countries have paid in capital, have given us money. Authors of International Environmental Law and Policy for the 21st century, Nanda and Pring, write, “The message of the Brundtland Report was that it is possible to achieve a path of economic development for the global economy which meets the need of the present generation without compromising, Sustainable Development There are--38 percent of children in Ethiopia are stunted, and we know that stunted children do not learn as well and definitely don't earn as well when they get older. The need to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, a UN--the UN Sustainable Development Goals, the global goals, as they're called, is about $4 trillion a year. The general interpretation of sustainability is that development policies must be controlled allowing natural resources to be sustained at their initial level. 1. In the 17th century, only 3,000 European ships sailed to Asia. We're now the largest financers of climate change activities in the world. And without putting a penny into this airport, they have received over a billion dollars over the last nine years in revenue from the airport. So, in other words, the money that was going into the developing countries all came from the donor agencies, USAID, those agencies like that, and groups like ours. How will they live? 10: Apply Previous Class Content to Projects: This class is devoted to applying the issues and research methods from Session 9 to the projects. How you can get involved today; Stories. And so, there was this tradition of philanthropy. That means that you put your money in the bank, but rather than the bank giving you interest, you pay them every year to hold your money. The Sustainable Development Goals – by YAK. And unless we use the tools of finance to do it, we will not succeed. So, what happens if you're stunted to begin with and your educational system is not providing you what you need to compete in the economy of the future?      By the year 2200 there will be a lot more people living on this planet How do we mobilize those trillions of dollars sitting on the sidelines for the benefit of the poorest people in the world? Washington, D.C. Before 1800, just about everybody was poor. ", Cameron goes on to say, "I said then that the hospital existed for him rather than he for it. In the name of economic development, the price of environmental damage is paid in the form of land degradation, soil erosion, air and water pollution, deforestation, etc. Shah Abbas--we were just talking with Padideh about this--of Persia, endowed school at the royal mosque, which set a pattern for similar colleges. So, can we do this? I truly believe that every child deserves it. We're committed to this but, again, we can't do it with our own financing. The term 'sustainable development ' was used by the Brundtland Commission which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development: "development that meets the needs of the present without, Introduction 1. So, if you gave them $100, at the end of the year, you'd have $98 or $99 instead of $100. Let me show you one: The Queen Alia International Airport, if you've ever been there, it's a wonderful airport. Here, what we've done is, instead of saying, "Take a lower return," instead of saying, "This is an issue of charity," we have put together a system where we go to African countries and we help them with all aspects of doing a solar auction. So, the education system is not working. So, even in 1990--in 1990--50 percent of all the capital flowing into developing countries was official development assistance. for districtwide curriculum development. Man's reason and spirit have often solved the seemingly unsolvable, and we believe they can do it again.". But for 30 years I worked in an organization called Partners in Health, and we tried to do exactly the opposite of what we saw Schweitzer having done. To learn more about cookies, click here. Goal 10: Reduced inequalities. There is no way that we can solve any of these problems, the refugee crisis, pandemics, famine, all these--we can't solve them with our capital. So, we have created, for example, after the horror of Ebola, we were so worried about why did we wait so long to respond to Ebola that we created an insurance instrument.